The Sharia courts were closed and the Sharia law was replaced with a secular civil code modeled after the Swiss Civil Code and a penal code modeled after the Italian Penal Code. The old madras a system in the country was completely reformed and modernised.
Extremely impressed and overly excited, Bryan Woodman speaks to his wife on the phone. The Ottoman Empire was on the losing side when the war ended and signed the treaty of Sevr, according to which the Turks were left with a small piece of territory in Anatolia, all the former extensive Ottoman lands being divided among various Allied countries.
I was so affected that if I had had a thousand eyes, they would have all wept together. First, by the time Ataturk came to power, the Turkish state had already eliminated all possible societal power bases, thanks to the Ottoman modernization.
Here is not the place to speculate on the reasons. The fourth and last term of the parliament opened in Constantinople on 12 January Nowadays, about 70 years after his death, he is the most cited, respected in Turkey, and, at the same time, is among the most disputable and ambiguous political figures in Islamic world.
These movements expanded among the big cities of Anatolia but hardly reached the rural areas. Yet, this was a temporary unifying force, which faded away like other examples of all-mobilizing nationalism that were witnessed thirty years later, mainly in African settings.
The contribution of Turkish women to the contemporary civilization has been remarkable. First, Arabic is an extremely structured language. Perhaps, even the Thais love their king less. He could dance in the private gatherings and was a true gentleman to women, marrying only once. He officially abolished the caliphate in turkey and converted it into the GNA.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk made sure that the caliphate was removed in turkey. Viewed with godlike status by Turks, he is considered the savior of a country that under his guidance resisted occupation and colonization and embraced democracy and modernization.
Although Ataturk wanted to form a secular regime, he was not an enemy of religion. The country was on the verge of crash.
As a result, he was sent away to Tripolitania Vilayet present Libyathen an Ottoman territory under the pretext of suppressing a tribal rebellion towards the end of They declared that such religious laws were violating human rights of women in Islamic countries.
The nation experienced the World War I, occupation of the part of its territory, liberation war against its invaders, fall of the Young Turks and decay of the Ottoman Empire Cleveland,p. By building his nation from the inside out, Ataturk provided Turkey with a democratic, affluent and stable government which not only proves its important for European security architecture, with her peacekeeping, regional security roles, and participating in the stability of the United Nations and NATO but also presents striking evidence that the values of the East and West can be integrated successfully.
As part of his strategy, he launched a program of revolutionary social, political cultural, and judicial reforms. Out of deputies only 3 could get into the second parliament. Turkish does not enjoy the same advantages. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk made a lot of reforms for the women society and created laws which allowed women to have the right to work and the right to be educated.
Religious institutions also weakened in the face of ever-strengthening Turkish state. Many religious and ethnic groups such as the Sufi dervishes and Kurds staged rebellions and were ruthlessly put down. This new image of Turkey was well accepted at home, understandably because the new state propagated its official history with all means available: He officially abolished the caliphate in turkey and converted it into the GNA.
His long-lived dream was to create a secular republic after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. The First President of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk indeterminate, —10 November was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, and founder of the Republic of Turkey as well as its first President.
His first goal was the establishment of an organized national movement against the occupying forces. First, the state emerged as the most powerful institution, with no other institution militarily, economically, and organizationally matching that level of effectiveness in Turkey.
The first, and perhaps one of the most important reforms in the secularization process, was the abolishment of the caliphate position.Modernization is a multifaceted process involving changes in all areas of human thought and activity.
The principal aspects of modernization are industrialization, secularization, democratization, spread of education, and media participation. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk made a lot of reforms for the women society and created laws which allowed women to have the right to work and the right to be educated.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk promoted western lines of education right from the primary level to the higher education levels. Education reformers from as far as the united nations of America were called to help in the reform process of the education system of turkey.
The modern turkey as we see it today is all the gift of efforts done by the country's first president Kemal Ataturk. Source: Essay UK This Management essay was submitted to us by a student in.
The Ataturk reforms took place at a very opportune time in Turkish history during which two mutually reinforcing conditions met. First, the state emerged as the most powerful institution, with no other institution militarily, economically, and organizationally matching that level of effectiveness in Turkey.
In need of qualified essay help. Essay on Ataturk as a leader country, a new society, a new state, and to achieve these, ceaseless reforms – this is, in a word, the Turkish Revolution.” Mustafa Kemal Ataturk 1. Ataturk's Secularization Reforms: A Major Step in Turkey's Modernization.
Abstract. This study discusses the role of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in transformation of Turkey into a modern secular state versus a Muslim state - Ataturk's Secularization Reforms: A Major Step in Turkey's Modernization introduction. Within the study the economical and.Download