Intercultural competence essay

Journal of Agricultural Education, 45, The nature of an abstract concept is such that its reality is defined by the labels assigned to it. Further, she or he is neither ethnocentric nor defined by cultural prejudices.

Van de Vijver and Leung identified three biases that must be considered when using a quantitative instrument across cultures. While many organizations have implemented intercultural competency training in employee education as a nod to embracing diversity, the effectiveness of short, skilled-based training bears further scrutiny.

One of the topics of repeated query is whether ICC is culture-general or culture-specific. This is one factor that has contributed to the multiple labels by which intercultural competence is known. Race has been used to explain the absence of research.

The identification of variables associated with intercultural competence raises a number of further questions. As discussed in the Research Directions section, the areas that are yet to be explored would hopefully be addressed in future research.

To what extent does the development of intercultural competence vary depending on the specific cultural setting in which an individual lives, and the specific intercultural encounters which an individual experiences within that setting? First, our present understanding of intercultural competence is strongly influenced by research emerging from economically developed parts of the world, such as the United States and parts of Europe and Oceania.

Intercultural competence may be related to holding a more global, international perspective and lower levels of ethnocentrism e.

High uncertainty avoidance cultures [4] [22] Countries exhibiting high Uncertainty Avoidance Index or UAI maintain rigid codes of belief and behavior and are intolerant of unorthodox behavior and ideas; Members of society expect consensus about national and societal goals; Society ensures security by setting extensive rules and keeping more structure; High uncertainty avoidance cultures are Greece, Guatemala, Portugal, and Uruguay.

Geert Hofstede Cultural characteristics can be measured along several dimensions that were defined by Geert Hofstede in his studies of cultural differences. Masculinity versus Femininity[ edit ] Value behaviors that indicate assertiveness and wealth; Judge people based on the degree of ambition and achievement; General behaviors are associated with male behavior; Sex roles are clearly defined and sexual inequality is acceptable; Masculine cultures include Austria, Italy, Japan, and Mexico.

Intercultural Competence

Further, flexibility, tolerance for ambiguity, capacity for complexity, and language proficiency are also relevant. Deardorff proposed that intercultural competence should be measured progressively at different points in time, over a period of time and using multiple methods.

Intercultural competence can be enhanced through intercultural education and training e. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 27, — This is echoed in several models of intercultural competence as well.

Intercultural Communication Competence

Second, there is a strong social scientific bias to the cumulative body of research in intercultural competence so far; as such, the findings are subject to the strengths and weaknesses of this epistemology. Arasaratnam and Banerjee found that introducing ethnocentrism into a model of ICC weakened all positive relationships between the variables that otherwise contribute to ICC.

Intercultural competence

Though several parts of the world do remain culturally homogenous, many major cities across the world have undergone significant transformation in their cultural and demographic landscape due to immigration.

High uncertainty avoidance cultures [4] [22] Countries exhibiting high Uncertainty Avoidance Index or UAI maintain rigid codes of belief and behavior and are intolerant of unorthodox behavior and ideas; Members of society expect consensus about national and societal goals; Society ensures security by setting extensive rules and keeping more structure; High uncertainty avoidance cultures are Greece, Guatemala, Portugal, and Uruguay.

The ability to perceive them and to cope with them is fundamental for intercultural competence. With ethnocentric attitudes, those incapable to expand their view of different cultures could create conflict between groups.

In terms of quantitative assessment, the nature of intercultural competence is such that any measure of this concept has to be one that conceptually translates across different cultures.

Intercultural competence

Racial classifications are based on outmoded concepts and dubious assumptions regarding genetic differences. However, all such materials need to be formally evaluated for their effectiveness in actually bringing about change in learners.

A few of the more frequently used ones are worth noting. Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence.

The characteristics they identified include flexibility, stability, curiosity, openness to other perspectives, and sensitivity, to name a few, and these characteristics were studied in the context of adaptation to a new culture.

Hence people with negative prejudices toward other cultures, for example, may not necessarily be affected by an intercultural training workshop. The multiplicity in nomenclature of intercultural competence has been one of the factors that have irked researchers who seek conceptual clarity.

In communication literature, it is fair to note that intercultural competence and intercultural communication competence are used interchangeably. The following sections discuss intercultural competence, as we know it, starting with what it is and what it is not.The Assessment of Intercultural Competence (AIC) According to Fantini (), AIC was an approach developed for specific reasons.

The Federation of the Experiment in International Living (FEIL) came up with the scale that would eventually play a part in the exploration and assessment of the intercultural competence outcomes. Intercultural competence Definition: Intercultural competence is the ability to communicate successfully with people of other cultures.

We say that a person is intercultural competent, if he/she understands the culture-specific concepts of perception, thinking, feeling and acting. The Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) is an assessment that examines an individual’s intercultural competence (Hammer, Bennett, & Wiseman, ).

Bennett () describes intercultural competence as one’s place on a continuum from ethnocentric to ethnorelativism. History teaches us that culture always changes because of internal and external influences.

Communication is the most important quality for anyone to work on if they want to work or be part of an intercultural society. Communication between different cultures is a major topic for communication /5(12).

Intercultural Competence

Intercultural Competence Essay - The Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) is an assessment that examines an individual’s intercultural competence (Hammer, Bennett, & Wiseman, ). Bennett () describes intercultural competence as one’s place on a continuum from ethnocentric to ethnorelativism.

A study that shows intercultural competence as a factor in effectiveness of global virtual teams, and that building relationships, establishing structure, and having discipline are critical for success.

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Intercultural competence essay
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